Academic mobbing over a number of months or even years is the most prominent type of bullying in academia and a well-studied research subject in psychology and medicine. It is frequent cause of psychological or physical violence conducted by a group of colleagues or by an individual such as the boss. A brief two-page introduction and definition is given below.
Mobbing & bullying (and stalking) are directed against the victim with a conscious desire to hurt, threaten, or frighten. This puts the victim under immense stress and causes serious illnesses, which might eventually result in work incapacity and even in death (suicide). Since the occurrence of workplace mobbing has been shown to be primarily an important employer’s problem, it already forms explicit part of worker protection laws in many countries (e.g. Belgium, France, Ireland, Spain, Sweden, The Netherlands, Canada, and Australia).
Mobbing as "downward bullying" by superiors is also known as "bossing" and "upward bullying" by colleagues as "staffing" in some European countries. (Note that the terms "mobbing" and "bullying" are used synonymously in English.)
Mobbing at academic institutions and universities including medical clinics is known as being more subtle than usual and might even go beyond the particular organization, giving rise to a national and international level of bullying by colleagues. Workplace mobbing also involves an enormous waste of talent, time and money, which would be preventable by structural improvements in organizations.
A number of mobbing indicators and questionnaires are available to determine the presence and extent of bullying, see below. For instance, mobbing victims may be the target of unwanted physical contact, violence, obscene or loud language during meetings, be disparaged among their colleagues in venues they are not aware of, confronted with undue demands for compliance with regulations, excluded from relevant meetings, research and work tasks, and face difficulties with promotion and tenure.
The organizational structure of academic institutions often make it hard for victims to seek help internally, and appeals to external authorities can be surprisingly counterproductive. Therefore, academics who are subject to bullying are often overly cautious about reporting any problems and asking for mitigation instead of contacting colleagues, other victims, mobbing helplines, antidiscrimination bodies, lawyers, and medical psychologists.
Read the Brief Two-Page Introduction to Academic Mobbing by the Expert Prof. Dr. Kenneth Westhues in Academic Matters:
Download PDF (read pages 18-19): http://www.academicmatters.ca/assets/AM-Fall-2006-Issue.pdf
Read PDF online (go to pages 15-16 to read page 18-19): http://www.academicmatters.ca/assets/AM-Fall-2006-Issue.pdf
Mobbing Indicators (questionnaires and check lists):
Negative acts questionnaire (NAQ) of 22 mobbing actions
Westhues check list (WAMI) of 16 mobbing actions
Leymann questionnaire (LIPT) of 45 mobbing actions in three languages: EN, DE, FR
Wolmerarth & Ess catalog (WEC) of 100 mobbing actions (in German)
Workplace bullying in academia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Workplace_bullying_in_academia
Workplace bullying: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Workplace_bullying
Bullying in medicine: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bullying_in_medicine
Psychopathy in the workplace: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Psychopathy_in_the_workplace
Legal aspects of workplace bullying: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Legal_aspects_of_workplace_bullying
Scientific misconduct: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scientific_misconduct
Academic dishonesty: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Academic_dishonesty
Recent Cases of Academic Mobbing/Bossing and Stalking:
Antimobbing Video Information:
Selected Antimobbing Videos
The Anatomy of an Academic Mobbing
The Mobbing Portal:
Mobbing Information by Prof. Dr. Kenneth Westhues:
The Mobbing Encyclopaedia by Prof. Dr. Heinz Leymann:
Workplace Bullying Institute:
Workplace Bullying and Mobbing:
Bullying at work: https://osha.europa.eu/en/publications/factsheets/23/view
Workplace mobbing: http://www.mobbing.ca
Overcome bullying: http://www.overcomebullying.org/
Tactics against bullying at work: http://www.bmartin.cc/pubs/07bullying.html
Mobbees united: http://www.mobbeesunited.com/
Tim Field Foundation Information:
Bullying of academics in higher education: http://bulliedacademics.blogspot.com/
Institutional bullying: http://bulliedacademics.blogspot.com/2008/09/what-is-corporateinstitutional-bullying.html
Death in academia and the mis-measurement of science: http://www.euroscientist.com/death-academia-mis-measurement-science/
Mobbing can damage more than careers: http://chronicle.com/article/Mobbing-Can-Damage-More/47736
Physical and psychological abuse in Canadian operating rooms: http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1007/s12630-016-0777-9
Facebook Group for Workplace Bullying in Higher Education: https://www.facebook.com/groups/295040946478/
Yahoo Group for Bullied Academics: https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/bullied_academics/info
Minding the Workplace:
International Whistleblowing Research Network:
Impressum (2016): Albrecht, 92665 Altenstadt, Germany.